2 In contrast, the observation of two other mummies (16) revealed classical embalming traces (nose padding, right side incision) showing that they had undergone a funeral ritual of mummification.The discrepancy of the dating results performed on both textiles and organic materials shows that these mummies’ samples are probably being aged by a C depleted product.

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In ancient Egypt, several products were used to embalm bodies: natron was the most common since it was widely employed for many centuries.

It was associated with other materials like myrrh, cedar or palm oils and different gums (Ménager , 2013).

Équipe Ingénierie de la restauration des patrimoines naturel et culturel, Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d'Ecologie marine et continentale (IMBE) – UMR 7263 CNRS – IRD, Université d'Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse, 33, rue Louis Pasteur, 84000 Avignon, France. The authors are indebted to all the LMC14 team for its rigorous work on the radiocarbon samples, to Clara Azémard and Cédric Gobeil for their help in the English translation and thank the two anonymous reviewers whose comments have helped improve the text.” – as defined by J-Cl Goyon (Goyon, 2007) – by building up an original collection, using both an anthropological and archaeological approaches.

Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Université Paris 6, MONARIS “de la Molécule aux Nano-objets : Réactivité, Interactions et Spectroscopies”, UMR 8233, UPMC-CNRS, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 5, France. To replace these mummies in their cultural context, an absolute chronological framework is required.

A total of 65 C accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) measurements were made on 33 macrofossil samples.

A number of the age estimates were older than expected and some of the oldest ages occurred in the upper parts of the sequence, which had been dated to the late 19th and early 20th century using other techniques.Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.There are several things that you might want to check for.If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.