No games dating in northern california
John Garland, an IOC member from California, was asked to stand in and received the flag from the mayor of Cortina d'Ampezzo.
In 1957 the United States government threatened to deny visas to athletes from Communist countries.
The IOC responded with a threat to revoke Squaw Valley's right to host the 1960 Games.
Organizers felt the lack of possible entrants and the high cost of building the run were sufficient deterrents to leave the bobsled events off the 1960 Olympic program.
Several design innovations and new technologies were used for the 1960 Games.
Competitors and officials from European nations were angered by the selection; they felt that the alpine ski courses were not up to specifications and that the altitude would prove too stressful on the athletes.
Squaw Valley in 1956 consisted of one chair lift, two rope tows, and a fifty-room lodge.
The heat generated from the refrigeration plant was used to warm spectators, provide hot water, and melt the snow off of roofs.
New timing equipment provided by Longines was installed that used a quartz clock to measure to the hundredths of a second.
Cushing presented the site as a blank canvas of unspoiled environment, where a world-class ski resort could be constructed.